Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 1-7
Statistical Assessment of Access and Usage of Water, Hygiene and Sanitation and Natural Resources Focusing on Gatse and Kole Zale Kebeles, SNNPR Ethiopia
Yidnekachew Mare Sorbala, Department of Statistics, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Received: Dec. 13, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 31, 2019;       Published: Jan. 8, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.mma.20200501.11      View  12      Downloads  5
Abstract
For the rural area residents to have a sustainable access of quality water, centers and awareness for hygiene and sanitation, and fair distribution of natural resources are the basic needs and requirements to stay there and focusing on their day to day farming activities. For this, there should be appropriate administration and information on these aspects and continuous assessment by the concerned bodies. The main objective of this study is to assess how these facilities and resources are managed and used by the residents of rural area. For data collection two kebeles, Gatse and Kole Zale from Arba Minch Zuriya Wereda and Bonke Wereda of Gamo Zone, respectively, are considered. A total of 96 respondents are selected based on simple random selection and the collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive analysis (tables and charts) and chi-square analyses are employed to assess the overall situations in each kebele and within kebeles. Most of the respondents are in age group from 28 to 50 years (Gatse (80.4%) and Kole Zale (60%)), and in both kebeles more than 70% are illiterate. Majority of Respondents in Gatse (80.4%) and in Kole Zale (66.7%) reported that they have access to water and main source of drinking water in these kebeles are reported to be protected spring (Gatse 29.4%) and unprotected spring (Kole Zale 53.3%). For hygiene and sanitation it is reported that residents in Gatse kebele use water only (70.6%) and water and soap (29.4%) to wash their hand while residents in Kole Zale kebele use water only (33.3%) and water and soap (64.4%) to wash their (also their family members') hand. For natural resources majority of the respondents in Gatse kebele reported that they have access for forest, farm land and grazing land (66.7%, 94.1% and 51%, respectively) while respondents in Kole Zale kebele reported they have access for forest, farm land and grazing land (77.8%, 100%, and 44.4%, respectively). Based on the reports and summary statistics we can conclude that water accessibility and hygiene practice are in good condition in Gatse Kebele while residents in Kole Zale Kebele have relatively high access for Natural Resources. Also we can conclude that there is no association between villages/kebeles where the residents live and access of quality water, forest, grazing land and farm land.
Keywords
Statistical Assessment, Chi-square, Water, Hygiene and Sanitation, Natural Resources, Gatse, Kole Zale, Gamo Zone, Ehtiopia
To cite this article
Yidnekachew Mare Sorbala, Statistical Assessment of Access and Usage of Water, Hygiene and Sanitation and Natural Resources Focusing on Gatse and Kole Zale Kebeles, SNNPR Ethiopia, Mathematical Modelling and Applications. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.mma.20200501.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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